Everything You Need To Know About Ticks
Ticks belong to a group referred to as arachnids and are associated with mites and spiders. There are many species of ticks that are found around the world and over twenty-five species occur in Arizona.
Ticks belong to a group referred to as arachnids and are associated with mites and spiders. There are many species of ticks that are found around the world and over twenty-five species occur in Arizona. Of this number, the majority of folks probably will encounter just a few species. Here’s everything you need to know about ticks in Arizona.
Of this number, the majority of folks probably will encounter just a few species. Here’s everything you need to know about ticks in Arizona from one of the state’s top pest control companies.
Can a house have a tick infestation?
A house can become infested with ticks — and it’s as bad as it sounds. This doesn’t mean you’ve done anything wrong, though.
A tick infestation often occurs because of a single tick. They are frequently brought into the home by pets, but if you’ve been hiking, in a field, or anywhere out in nature you only have to brush against one. Because ticks feed on blood, they position themselves on game trails and other areas where animals are likely to walk by. Once one does they’ll catch a ride and position themselves to feed later on.
If you’re dealing with a tick infestation, a pest control expert from Anteater Exterminating Inc. can help.
Where do ticks lay eggs?
Ticks typically lay eggs between floorboards in your home.
This is the root cause of any tick infestation. A good way to prevent a tick from entering your home is to make sure you and a partner check one another after venturing outdoors.
If you take your dog out to play or have an indoor/outdoor cat, they should be checked before re-entry into the home as well.
When are ticks most active?
Unfortunately for the residents of Arizona, ticks are active year-round. They become even more active after a rain, and it’s recommended you are especially vigilant after-wards. That is one of the primary times for ticks to climb to high up places where they have a better chance of catching onto a host.
What diseases do ticks carry?
Because they feed on blood, they’re able to transmit disease from one animal host to another, making them a health concern. In Arizona, tick-borne diseases are unheard of, yet they may be serious. There are different kinds of ticks that can transmit various diseases.
A serious issue in most parts of the United States is Lyme disease. This is one of the most well known tick-borne diseases. Some individuals naturally fight lime disease but others have regular flair-ups for the rest of their lives.
Symptoms include joint swelling, fever and fatigue, and muscle pain. These same symptoms will occur during a flair up.
But, as of the year 2007, no one has contracted Lyme disease as a result of a tick bite which happened in Arizona. The vector for disease within the west is the Ixodes pacificus, Western black-legged tick. This tick family requires high humidity in order to survive and typically can’t reside in the arid climate in Arizona.
The western black-legged tick in Arizona has an extremely restricted distribution. It’s just known within the higher elevations of the Hualapai Mountains and just in early spring and late winter.
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
In Arizona, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) is perhaps the most typical tick-borne disease, even though there usually are less than 12 cases a year. RMSF is caused by bacteria.
It can lead to serious complications and symptoms typically show up within 2 to 14 days of a bite. This can include rashes, vomiting, headache, and more. Look for a small flat red or purple dots around the ankles and wrists.
The brown dog tick in Arizona may be a “vector” for RMSF and transmit the bacteria from one host to another.
Colorado tick fever
Colorado tick fever is a viral infection resulting from the bite of an infected wood tick. Symptoms are similar to that of the flu and include sensitivity to light.
Tick-borne Relapsing Fever
Another disease of concern is well-known to be vectored by ticks. Tick-Borne Relapsing Fever is rare; however, is can be transmitted by the “soft tick,” genus Ornithodorus. Such ticks are periodically encountered in woodpiles and rustic cabins. They’re night feeders and just stay attached for a brief time, 15 – 30 minutes.
Classifying Ticks and Understanding Their Lifecycles
The most typical in Arizona includes the Rhipicephalus sangiuneus, Brown Dog Tick. The ticks’ 4 life cycle stages. The first stage is the egg, the next is larva, nymph, and adult. Once they hatch, a tick must have a blood meal before it is able to develop into the following phase. The “seed ticks” or larvae are less than 1/16” in length and have 6 legs.
After a blood meal it’ll molt and enter the nymph phase. Nymphs still are small, less than1/8” in length, and have 8 legs. Within the last adult phase, a blood meal permits the female to lay eggs. She’ll deposit as many 5,000 eggs then die. Ticks at any development stage may live several months without having to feed; the adult brown dog tick is able to survive as long as 2 years without a meal.
Around the world, the brown dog tick can be found. This type of tick has adapted to living indoors and outdoors alike; therefore, it may survive cool climates by remaining inside a home. This tick’s principal hosts include dogs; however, if there’s a massive population, they also may feed on human beings.
The best prevention for Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever is tick control on pets and within the local environment. The Rocky Mountain wood tick, Dermacentor andersoni, also can transmit Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. The Rocky Mountain wood tick is just known in the northern part of Arizona within brushy regions.
The initial Rocky Mountain spotted fever symptoms are headache, muscle ache, chills, and fever. Oftentimes, a spotted rash develops 2 – 5 days later. Early RMSF treatment is effective. If a bite is suspected it ought to be reported to a physician so the disease may be diagnosed rapidly and treated with the suitable antibiotic.
How do I know if I’ve been bitten by a tick?
The largest tell-tale sign of a tick bite is a large red bullseye welt on the area you were bitten. Because ticks anesthetize the area they are biting, you won’t be able to feel it when it happens.
The rate of infectious transmission goes up the longer the tick is allowed to feed. Feeding can last as long as a week, and if you catch a tick within the first 12 hours and remove you there is a much better chance of avoiding pathogen transmission.
If you are bitten, follow our instructions for removing a tick. Wash the area thoroughly.
Watch for signs of illness and consider going to the doctor to rule out any transmission.
What should I do if I find a tick on my skin?
If the tick is found on your skin it immediately should be removed. Normally, a tick must be attached for at least a couple of hours before it’ll transmit disease to a host; therefore, fast removal significantly decreases the likelihood of infection.
Carefully grab the tick with tweezers
Removal ought to be accomplished with fine tweezers. Grab the tick as close to your skin as you can and softly pull the tick straight up. Don’t twist it or its mouthparts might break off and be left inside your skin. In addition, be careful to not squeeze the body of the tick, which may cause it to release fluids inside the tissue.
Clean the wound and save the tick
After you remove it, clean the area of the bite with water and soap, disinfect your tweezers and then wash your hands. Preserve all ticks taken from humans inside a leak-proof, small container in rubbing alcohol and then label with the area of origin, contact information, and date
How do I remove a tick?
You’ll want to grab the tick very close to the skin. Use tweezers and pull slowly. You want to avoid leaving the mouth of the tick in the skin.
This will allow continued transmission of pathogens even if the body has been removed. That’s why you should never use vaseline or other materials to snuff a tick. You do not want to risk the mouth remaining when pulling off a dead tick.
How do I prevent my pets from getting ticks?
There are a variety of chemical methods of providing protection for pets, which include dips, collars, shampoo, sprays, and “spot-on” treatments. Some treatments for ticks which are appropriate for dogs may be toxic to cats. Your vet may offer details on suitable applications considering the pet’s health and age.
How can I prevent a tick infestation?
The best way to prevent ticks is to master your environment. Each climate deals with different issues. Make sure that you take all the necessary steps to control ticks in your local area. Make sure that grass is cut low and that areas stay dry. Ticks can go a very long time without feeding, but they prefer moist areas. That’s one of the reasons they become so active after a rain. They like to get up high to latch onto victims, and that typically means climbing up long grasses and weeds.
Monitor your pets
Pets are the most likely mode of transportation of ticks from outside to inside. Because of their fur, pets offer the perfect hiding place. If you own a pet, inspect it on a daily basis and take off any ticks that you find. Brown dog ticks are more than likely to cause an infestation and oftentimes attach to the ears of the dog or between his/her toes.
Utilize eyebrow tweezers to slowly and gently take off the tick. Apply pressure then softly pull the tick away from your skin until the insect releases its mouth from the animal’s skin. With antiseptic, wash your hands, the wound, and your tweezers.
With cedar oil, spray the pet several times per day. Cedar oil will repel ticks but is safe for pets. Keep pets off furniture. If you live in an area with a high presence of ticks, limit the pet’s accessibility to areas of your house. Encourage him or her to just lie down on his/her own bedding.
Keep a clean home
Clean fabric, furniture, and carpets. Steam-clean furniture and carpeting, which includes all bedding. Washable fabrics ought to be laundered in hot, soapy water. If you take any fabrics to your dry cleaners, make certain that you tell them that you’re treating an infestation of ticks. Do not forget to wash the bedding of your pet.
Thoroughly vacuum your home on a daily basis. Besides vacuuming your home’s carpets, utilize the crevice tool to vacuum all areas, which includes curtains, furniture, and floorboards. Make sure you vacuum the back of your furniture. Do not forget to vacuum the bedding of your pet.
Discard debris and vacuum bags inside a plastic, sealed bag and immediately remove it from the house. In your home daily spray cedar oil. Spray every place you vacuumed. Spray under furniture, non-upholstered surfaces, and cracks in floorboards.
Do I need professional tick control?
If you’ve found multiple ticks in a day, ticks that are indoors and unattached, or have reason to believe you have an infestation—call a pest extermination company as soon as possible. Because they carry so many harmful diseases, you want to take care of an infestation as soon as possible.